Future Time

The Future Time can be expressed in the following ways:

1. with the Simple Present Tense + a future time adverb

a) for a definite or regular future arrangement

Ex: The next annual meeting is in July. (= will be held as usual)

b) for timetable data and event schedules

Ex: The train leaves at 6:30 tomorrow morning.

2. with the ‘will’ future (= Future Tense)

a) to express neutral or formal prediction

Ex: The drug will be put on the market as soon as it has been approved

by the FDA.

NOTE: Don’t use future tense after time conjunctions

(as soon as, when, till, after etc.)

b) to express a promise

Ex: You will hear from me again very soon.

3. with the Present Continuous Tense + a future time adverb

to talk about an arrangement

Ex: I am leaving for England next week.

4. with ‘to be going to’ to express

a) a decision (to be implemented in the near or distant future)

Ex: We’ve decided we are going to sell the house this summer.

b) the near future or impending problems

Ex: Look at those clouds! It is going to rain.

I fear we are going to run out of cash.

5. with ‘shall’

a) instead of “will” in formal English (1st person singular and plural!)

Ex: We shall (will) see what happens when he is told the truth.

b) for all persons (sg. & pl.) to express a promise

Ex: If you want a watch for Xmas, you shall have it. (“sollen”)

6. with the Future Continuous Tense

a) to describe a future activity (to express excitement)

Ex: This time next week I will be lying an a sunny beach.

b) to ask polite questions (to express interest rather than curiosity)

Ex: Which hotel will you be staying at in London, madam?

7. with the Future Perfect Tense for an action which is already

completed at a certain point of time in the future:

a) Simple (factual)

Ex: Next year we will have been married for ten years.

b) Continuous (stressing duration)

Ex: By the end of next month this film will have been running

for a whole year.